Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire by Tara Nummedal PDF

By Tara Nummedal

What special the genuine alchemist from the fraud? this query lively the lives and labors of the typical men—and sometimes women—who made a dwelling as alchemists within the 16th- and seventeenth-century Holy Roman Empire. As purveyors of sensible recommendations, innovations, and therapies, those marketers have been prized through princely consumers, who relied upon alchemists to strengthen their political fortunes. whilst, satirists, artists, and different commentators used the determine of the alchemist as a logo for Europe’s social and financial ills.

Drawing on felony trial documents, contracts, laboratory inventories, satires, and vernacular alchemical treatises, Alchemy and Authority within the Holy Roman Empire situates the typical alchemists, mostly invisible to fashionable students beforehand, on the heart of the advance of early glossy technology and trade. Reconstructing the workaday global of entrepreneurial alchemists, Tara Nummedal indicates how allegations of fraud formed their practices and customers. those debates not just exhibit vastly assorted understandings of what the “real” alchemy was once and who may perform it; additionally they attach a collection of little-known practitioners to the most important questions on trade, belief, and highbrow authority in early glossy Europe.

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Toxic Histories: Poison and Pollution in Modern India - download pdf or read online

By David Arnold

poisonous Histories combines social, medical, scientific and environmental background to illustrate the severe significance of poison and pollutants to colonial governance, clinical authority and public nervousness in India among the 1830s and Fifties. opposed to the historical past of India's 'poison tradition' and periodic 'poison panics', David Arnold considers why many regular ingredients got here to be seemed less than colonialism as harmful poisons. in addition to the legal makes use of of poison, poisonous Histories indicates how ecu and Indian scientists have been instrumental in making a special method of forensic toxicology and clinical jurisprudence designed for Indian wishes and stipulations, and the way neighborhood, in addition to common, poison wisdom may possibly serve confident medical and scientific reasons. Arnold displays on how the 'fear of a poisoned international' spilt over into matters approximately illness and toxins, giving rules of toxicity a much wider social and political value that has persisted into India's postcolonial era.

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Download e-book for iPad: Knowing Nature: Conversations at the Intersection of by Mara J. Goldman,Paul Nadasdy,Matthew D. Turner

By Mara J. Goldman,Paul Nadasdy,Matthew D. Turner

Political ecology and technological know-how reviews have chanced on fertile assembly flooring in environmental reports. whereas the 2 special components of inquiry technique the surroundings from varied perspectives—one targeting the politics of source entry and the opposite at the building and belief of knowledge—their paintings is de facto extra heavily aligned now than ever before.

            

Knowing Nature brings jointly political ecologists and technological know-how stories students to show off the main issues of come upon among the 2 fields and the way this highbrow mingling creates a full of life and extra strong ecological framework for the examine of environmental politics. The individuals all actively paintings on the interface among those fields, and the following they use empirical fabric to discover questions of theoretical and useful import for knowing the politics that encompass nature-society family members, from natural world administration within the Yukon to soil fertility in Kenya. additionally, they learn how quite a few environmental wisdom claims are generated, packaged, promoted, and accredited (or rejected) via different actors focused on particular circumstances of environmental administration, conservation, and improvement. ultimately, they ask what's at stake within the struggles surrounding environmental wisdom, how such struggles form conceptions of our environment, and whose pursuits are served within the process.

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Get Insect Conservation: Past, Present and Prospects PDF

By Tim R. New (Ed.),Tim R. New

The heritage of curiosity and perform in insect conservation is summarised and traced via contributions from the various leaders within the self-discipline, to supply the 1st extensive worldwide account of ways bugs became integrated into issues of conservation. The essays jointly conceal the genesis and improvement of insect conservation, emphasising its robust starting place in the northern temperate areas and the contrasts with a lot of the remainder of the realm. significant present-day situations are mentioned, including attainable advancements and priorities in insect conservation for the future.

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Read e-book online History of Technology Volume 19: Vol.19 PDF

By Graham Hollister-Short

The technical difficulties confronting assorted societies and classes, and the measures taken to resolve them shape the worry of this annual selection of essays. Volumes include technical articles ranging greatly in topic, time and zone, in addition to basic papers at the historical past of expertise. as well as facing the heritage of technical discovery and alter, History of know-how also explores the family members of expertise to different facets of existence -- social, cultural and fiscal -- and exhibits how technological improvement has formed, and been formed by means of, the society during which it occurred.

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New PDF release: Nuclear Dawn: F. E. Simon and the Race for Atomic Weapons in

By Kenneth D. McRae

This booklet offers a rounded biography of Franz (later Sir Francis) Simon, his adolescence in Germany, his flow to Oxford in 1933, and his experimental contributions to low temperature physics approximating absolute 0. After 1939 he switched his learn to nuclear physics, and is credited with fixing the matter of uranium isotope separation by way of gaseous diffusion for the British nuclear programme Tube Alloys.

The quantity is designated for its inclusion of resource fabrics no longer to be had to earlier researchers, akin to Simon's diary and his correspondence along with his spouse, and for a clean, well-informed insider voice at the five-power nuclear competition of the conflict years.

The paintings additionally attracts on a comparatively mature nuclear literature to aim a comparability and overview of the 5 nuclear opponents in wider political and army context, and to spot the standards, or teams of things, which may clarify the results.

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The Theory of New Classical Macroeconomics: A Positive - download pdf or read online

By Peter Galbács

This ebook examines new classical macroeconomics from a comparative and significant standpoint that confronts the unique texts and later reviews as a primary size of comparability. the second one size appears to be like in a historic context, given that not one of the new classical doctrines might be analyzed ignoring the parallelism and discrepancies with the speculation of Keynes, Friedman or Phelps. Radicalism of latest classical macroeconomics has introduced primary adjustments in fiscal idea, however the doctrines acquired vulgarized and distorted because of the mass of fans. these days, financial concept and coverage, searching for their methods, have a much less transparent courting than ever. as a result, this quantity is aimed toward mapping and reconsidering the coverage tools and transmission mechanisms provided by way of the hot classicals. Its critical query issues to the true nature of latest classical macroeconomics: what results are grounded via the assumptions new classicals used. in addition, concerns raised via automated financial stabilizers and monetary reforms are analyzed to boot, no matter if they have been out of the diversity of classical texts. The ebook attracts an image of latest classical macroeconomics stressing the analogies with Keynesian countercyclical guidelines, rather than the discrepancies regularly held.

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Read e-book online Wandering in the Gardens of the Mind: Peter Mitchell and the PDF

By John Prebble,Bruce Weber

Peter Mitchell, winner of the 1978 Nobel Prize for chemistry for his chemiosmotic thought, used to be a hugely unique scientist who revolutionized our figuring out of mobile metabolism and bioenergetics. this is often the single complete biography of Mitchell, and it's going to be of substantial curiosity to biophysicists, biochemists, and physicians and researchers concentrating on metabolism, in addition to historians of medication and biology.

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Sacred Ecology - download pdf or read online

By Fikret Berkes

Sacred Ecology examines our bodies of data held through indigenous and different rural peoples all over the world, and asks how we will be able to examine from this data and methods of figuring out. Berkes explores the significance of neighborhood and indigenous wisdom as a supplement to medical ecology, and its cultural and political value for indigenous teams themselves. This third version additional develops the purpose that conventional wisdom as technique, instead of as content material, is what we must always be studying. it's been up-to-date with approximately a hundred and fifty new references, and comprises an in depth record of internet assets during which teachers can entry extra fabric and further illustrate many of the subjects and subject matters within the book.


Winner of the Ecological Society of America's 2014 Sustainability technological know-how Award.

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Read e-book online Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise PDF

By Mario Kaiser,Monika Kurath,Sabine Maasen,Christoph Rehmann-Sutter

Nanotechnology has been the topic of intensive ‘assessment hype,’ in contrast to any past box of analysis and improvement. A multiplicity of stakeholders have began to research the consequences of nanotechnology: know-how overview associations world wide, non-governmental companies, imagine tanks, re-insurance businesses, and lecturers from technology and expertise reviews and utilized ethics have became their realization to this turning out to be field’s implications. during those evaluation efforts, a social phenomenon has emerged – a phenomenon the editors outline as overview regime.


Despite the diversity of firms, equipment, and actors enthusiastic about the overview and law of rising nanotechnologies, the overview actions conform to an overarching medical and political vital: suggestions are just welcome in the event that they are assessed opposed to the factors of security, sustainability, desirability, and acceptability. thus far, such deliberations and reflections have performed just a subordinate position. This ebook argues that with the increase of the nanotechnology evaluate regime, although, issues have replaced dramatically: positioned on the crossroads of democratizing technological know-how and expertise, solid governance, and the search for sustainable concepts, the overview regime has turn into constitutive for technological development.


The contributions during this ebook discover and severely examine nanotechnology’s review regime: To what quantity is it constitutive for know-how typically, for nanotechnology particularly? What social stipulations render the regime a phenomenon sui generis? And what are its implications for technological know-how and society?

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