By Alan V. Murray

The conversion of the lands at the southern and jap beaches of the Baltic Sea by way of Germans, Danes and Swedes within the interval from 1150 to 1400 represented the final nice fight among Christianity and paganism at the ecu continent, yet for the indigenous peoples of Finland, Livonia, Prussia, Lithuania and Pomerania, it was once additionally a interval of wider cultural clash and transformation. in addition to the Christian religion got here a brand new and international tradition: the German and Scandinavian languages of the crusaders and the Latin in their clergymen, new names for areas, more suitable army expertise, and church buildings and fortifications outfitted of stone. For newly baptized populations, the attractiveness of Christianity encompassed significant adjustments within the association and perform of political, non secular and social existence, entailing the popularity of presidency via alien elites, of latest cultic practices, and of latest responsibilities equivalent to taxes, tithes and armed forces provider within the armies of the Christian rulers. even as, because the Western conquerors carried their campaigns past pagan territory into the principalities of north-western Russia, the Baltic Crusades additionally constructed right into a fight among Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy. This number of 16 essays via either demonstrated and more youthful students explores the subject of conflict of cultures from quite a few views, discussing the character and beliefs of crusading within the medieval Baltic quarter, the fight among Catholicism and Orthodoxy, and the cultural war of words that observed the method of conversion, in matters as varied as spiritual commentary, political buildings, the perform of conflict, artwork and track, and perceptions of the landscape.

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The Clash of Cultures on the Medieval Baltic Frontier by Alan V. Murray


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