By Anthony J. Naldrett
By Anthony J. Naldrett
By Eva Ostergaard-Nielsen
By Martin Bräuer
Nach dem Papst ist das Kardinalskollegium die höchste Instanz der römisch-katholischen Kirche. Neben der Leitung der großen Diözesen der Weltkirche und der Leitung der Dikasterien der römischen Kurie obliegt ihm die Wahl eines neuen Papstes. Im Laufe seiner Geschichte hat das Kardinalskollegium vielfältige Veränderungen erfahren. Besonders in den letzten zweihundert Jahren wuchs die Zahl von ursprünglich höchstens 70 Kardinälen auf mittlerweile über 2 hundred Kardinäle an und erfuhr eine starke Internationalisierung. Das vorliegende Werk bietet neben Einführungen in die Geschichte und Gegenwart sowie Aufgaben und Bedeutung des Kardinalskollegiums die Biographien aller von 1846 bis 2012 ernannten Kardinäle und zeichnet so die Veränderungen und Wandlungen dieses einzigartigen Kollegiums nach.
By Bernard Debarbieux,Gilles Rudaz,Martin F. Price,Jane Marie Todd
In The Mountain, geographers Bernard Debarbieux and Gilles Rudaz hint the origins of the very inspiration of a mountain, displaying the way it isn't really a trifling geographic characteristic yet finally an concept, person who has developed through the years, encouraged by way of alterations in political climates and cultural attitudes. to actually comprehend mountains, they argue, we needs to view them not just as fabric realities yet as social constructs, ones which could suggest considerably various things to various humans in numerous settings.
From the Enlightenment to the current day, and utilizing a number of case reports from the entire continents, the authors exhibit us how our principles of and approximately mountains have replaced with the days and the way a variety of rules, from border delineation to forestry in addition to nature safety and social courses, were formed in keeping with them. A wealthy hybrid research of geography, background, tradition, and politics, the publication can provide to eternally swap the best way we glance at mountains.
By Gyanendra Pandey
For it slow now, students have well-known the archive much less as a impartial repository of files of the prior, and way more as a politically illustration of it, and famous that the very act of archiving is followed by way of a technique of un-archiving. Michel Foucault pointed to "madness" as describing one restrict of cause, background and the archive. This e-book attracts cognizance to a different boundary, marked no longer via exile, yet via the normal and daily, but trivialized or "trifling." it's the prestige of being exiled within – through prejudices, strategies, actions and interactions so primary as not to also be spotted – that marks the unarchived histories investigated during this volume.
Bringing jointly contributions masking South Asia, North and South the US, and North Africa, this leading edge research provides novel interpretations of strange resources and insightful reconsiderations of recognized fabrics that lie on the centre of many present debates on background and the archive.
By Dr Young Francis
In spite of an upsurge in curiosity within the social heritage of the Catholic neighborhood and an ever-growing physique of literature on early glossy 'superstition' and well known faith, the English Catholic community's reaction to the invisible global of the preternatural and supernatural has remained mostly missed. Addressing this oversight, this publication explores Catholic responses to the supernatural global, surroundings the English Catholic group within the contexts of the broader Counter-Reformation and the confessional tradition of early smooth England. In so doing, it fulfils the necessity for a research of ways English Catholics with regards to manifestations of the satan (witchcraft and ownership) and the lifeless (ghosts) within the context of Catholic attitudes to the supernatural global as a complete (including debates on miracles). The examine extra presents a accomplished exam of the ways that English Catholics deployed exorcism, the church's final reaction to the devil.
Whilst a few elements of the Catholic reaction were touched on during broader stories, few students have long gone past the facts contained inside anti-Catholic polemical literature to check intimately what Catholics themselves stated and inspiration. on condition that Catholics have been always portrayed as 'superstitious' in Protestant literature, the historian needs to attend to Catholic voices at the supernatural so as to stay away from a disastrously unbalanced view of Catholic attitudes. This e-book presents the 1st research of the Catholic reaction to the supernatural and witchcraft and the way it regarding a attribute Counter-Reformation preoccupation, the phenomenon of exorcism.
By Ernesto Rossi,Altiero Spinelli,Piero S. Graglia,P. S. Graglia
By Gertrude Schneider
During the Holocaust, millions of Jews from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and later Hungary have been transported to Latvia, the place they have been centred within the Riga Ghetto and in extermination camps--joining the millions of Latvian Jews who have been already interned there. just a couple of hundred survived. Gertrude Schneider, herself a survivor of the demise camps, traveled jap Europe, Israel, and the USA to gather statements of different survivors in addition to documentary proof at the lives of the inmates, guards, and others who witnessed the Latvian Holocaust. amassed within the Unfinished highway are the remembrances of survivors. each one own account is mixed with a word at the individual's next lifestyles. the amount concludes with a common bibliography and index.
To start to comprehend the Holocaust, one needs to by some means customize the numbing information of the hundreds of thousands who have been transported, targeted, and killed. This quantity strikes in that path through offering the reader with the original human responses of these who truly witnessed the atrocities, from the Jewish SS safeguard within the camps to the Latvian-Swedish businessman-humanitarian, himself a Jew, who negotiated with Himmler to avoid wasting focus camp inmates; from these whose destiny and crafty enabled them to outlive to and later lead pleasant lives; and to these damaged by means of the adventure. in particular, it combines a portrait of incredible braveness and persistence with one in all unspeakable brutality. students and basic readers alike will locate Schneider's assortment a helpful reminder.
By Montserrat Guibernau
By Ronnie Ellenblum